Melasma occurs when the pigment-producing cell (melanocytes) become overactive and produce too much colour.

There are various triggers that can stimulate melasma, such as hormonal imbalances brought about due to birth control pills, pregnancy, and hormone therapy as well as excess sun exposure. Darker skin types are more prone to melasma than that of fairer skin types.

Melasma can be somewhat tricky to address, however, the following devices combined with skincare, peels and medication can be extremely effective in lightening the pigmentation caused by Melasma.